Other Institutions of Chivalric character

 

Ancient chivalric institutions, originally founded as orders, subsequently revived by the dynastic successor of the founding authority.

 

1. Portugal

House of Bragança (Catholic)

Saint Michael of the Wing

Founded: 1171/1848/1981[67]/2001 (Conferred since 1981)

Ribbon: Red.

Grand Master: H.R.H. Dom Duarte, Duke of Bragança (Duarte III, Titular King of Portugal and the Algarves) (b. 1945).

 

 

New chivalric institutions founded by the head of a formerly reigning dynasty.

 

1. Georgia

House of Bragation (Orthodox)

Eagle of Georgia

Grand Master: H.R.H. Prince George de Bagration-Mukhransky (b. 1944).

 

2. Italy

House of Savoy (Catholic)

Order of Merit of Savoy

Founded: H.R.H. Crown Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy, Prince of Piedmont and Prince of Naples 23 January 1988.

Ribbon: Blue with a broad white centre stripe.

Grand Master: H.R.H. Crown Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy, Prince of Piedmont and Prince of Naples (Vittorio Emanuele IV, Titular King of Italy)

(b. 1937).

 

3. Russia

House of Romanov-Holstein-Gottorp (Orthodox)

Saint Nicholas the Miraculous

Founded: H.M: Emperor Kyril I 19 July (1 August) 1929.

Ribbon: Black, yellow, white.

Grand Master: H.I.H. Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia (Maria I, Titular Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias[68]) (b. 1953).

 

Saint Michael the Archangel

Founded: H.I.H. Grand Duke Vladimir Kyrilovich of Russia (Vladimir I, Titular Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias) 1988.

Ribbon: White, yellow, black, yellow, white.

Grand Master: H.I.H. Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia (Maria I, Titular Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias[69]) (b. 1953).

 

 

Successors of chivalric institutions originally founded under the Authority: of a State.

 

1. Hungary

Vitez (Vitezi Rend[70])

Founded: Admiral Miklós Horthy August 1920/Knightly Body from 1953.

Ribbon: Blue.

Head: H.R.H. Prince József Árpád Hapsburg (b. 1933)[71].

General of the Order: †Brig.General (ret.) Antal Radnóczy.

 


[67] Revived as a knightly association.

[68] H.H. Prince Nicholas Romanovich Romanov, Chairman of the Romanov Family Association (b. 1922) disputes her headship.

[69] See note number 64.

[70] Order of Heroes.

[71] H.I. & R.I. Archduke József Árpád of Austria indicated in the manner used by the Order of Vitez.


EDITORIAL NOTES

  • In those cases where the chanceries of orders or sovereign houses have failed to return current information, or the Commission has been unable to determine the current status of the Grand Mastership, the most up-to-date scientific documentary sources have been used.
  • Where the Grand Mastership of an order is in dispute, we have sought to include the names of the various claimants known to the Commission. In such unfortunate cases it is to be hoped that the Royal Houses or orders concerned will resolve the dispute by internal agreement.